At the end of the day, it’s not about expensive infrastructure that are likely to resonate with the majority of voters.
All the anticipation building up over Budget 2013 has finally ended when Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak unveiled it last Friday.
Young, first-time voters will be treated to cash handouts, book vouchers (for university students) and even a discount on smartphone purchases.
Homebuyers will supposedly see a reduction in speculative activity in the housing market with the hike in the Real Property Gains Tax (RPGT).
There was no news on the goods and services tax (GST) which is meant to
broaden the tax base in Malaysia as only a minority of Malaysians pay
income tax. However, taxpayers below the RM50,000 bracket were entitled
to a one percent reduction in payable tax.
Elsewhere there was good news for others too. Bonus (1½ months) for
civil servants, insurance schemes for fishermen, subsidies and
incentives for farmers, increase in minimum pension for pensioners and
Tax and non-tax incentives were given to the oil and gas industry.
Besides, the RM1 billion SME Development Scheme is welcome news to small
and medium enterprises.
On a bigger scale, Najib, who also holds the finance portfolio, aims to
reduce the budget deficit from 4.5% in the previous year to 4.0% in
2013. This is taking into account the estimated RM208.6 billion
government revenue for 2013.
A Bloomberg article reported the strengthening of the ringgit, rising
from “0.5% to 3.0620 against the dollar, the biggest gain in a week”.
“The benchmark FTSE Bursa Malaysia KLCI Index climbed 0.5%,” added the report.
One can also point to the success of our government-backed initial
public offerings (IPOs) which achieved worldwide status. One can hear a
loud chant of “Malaysia Boleh” in the stock markets.
However, the situation goes beyond our positive economic forecast.
Many have wanted the Auditor-General’s report to be released before the budget announcement, but that was not the case.
Cash handouts to the young are mere temporary sweeteners. Besides, the
previous gifts of book vouchers were not carefully regulated, resulting
in a portion of the students using them to buy anything in book stores
ranging from comic books, expensive stationery to water bottles,
wallets, and even music CD albums.
National House Buyers Association secretary-general Chang Kim Loong was
sceptical on the RPGT revision. He says that the revision will allow
speculators to purchase properties from developers upon launch and hike
up the property price, while paying only the proposed 10% RPGT on the
Orang Asli Concerns director Colin Nicholas said that the allocation of
RM88 million to implement economic development programmes and water
supply projects for the Orang Asli community does not address the issue
as most of the time there is already a water gravity system in place. (A
water gravity system is a system whereby water from a source high up
and deep in the jungle is channelled through PVC pipes.)
“What is needed is proper delivery system with no leakages. Two years
ago, a similar project was mooted but the project failed,” he said
Which brings me to my point that although things might look good from
the outside, sometimes policies are ill-planned and may backfire.
Long-term love affair with subsidies
How about Malaysia’s long-term love affair with subsidies? Research for
Social Advancement (Refsa) and IDEAS, two local think-thanks, have
revealed that expenditure on subsidies has quadrupled since 2007.
Are we as a nation still heavily dependent on subsidies which give a false value on goods and services?
Then there’s also the issue of our development expenditure and operating
expenditure. Malaysia’s operating expenditure has increased from RM182
billion to RM201.9 billion.
Trimming down the civil service seems a likely austerity measure to save
cost. However, that would be perceived as a highly unpopular move.
That being said, at the end of the day, it’s not about expensive
infrastructure like the Tun Razak Exchange, the performance of
Malaysia’s KLCI Index, or our forecast budget deficit percentages that
are likely to resonate with the majority of voters.
Numbers are one thing, but the core problem is that many Malaysians
still question the government’s performance and achievements.
Why are car owners digging deep into debt to purchase what Jeremy
Clarkson (the well-known English writer who specialises in motoring)
might label as a “reasonably priced car”? Why are leakages not plugged
and cronyism still rampant? Why are ethnic-based policies still in place
instead of being merit-based?
These are questions that people still ask after years and years of having our Janji Ditepati (promises fulfilled).
And, of course, our total debt is only about 53% of our total national
income, nowhere near the 55% federal government limit. Nothing to worry
about, move along.
One can only hope that one day we’ll hear less politicking about private
jets, cow scandals, water crisis issues and what not. And hear less
from politicians spending more time arguing on whose policies are more
beneficial to the rakyat, and whose budget is more prudent and